Identity and Access Management (IAM) product is a platform for managing the authentication and authorization of user accounts in an organizational environment. it is used to create new user accounts and organizational groups, privilege assignments, and access policy configurations.
An IAM also provides the required backend infrastructure for Single Sign On (SSO), enabling the organizations’ users to log in to any resource with a single username and password. While historically organizations had only an on-prem environment, managed by a single IAM, the gradual shift to the cloud and increase in SaaS usage has created a more complex environment in which several IAM are used simultaneously to manage different types of resources.
Most organizations today employ at least two separate IAM solutions to manage access to all their resources in the hybrid environment:
The main security gap IAM introduce is that each of them operates within its own silo without any mutual data sharing. In practice it means that none of them can see the full context of each authentication, ultimately resulting in reduced capabilities to detect potential risks within it.
Moreover, Active Directory – one of the most prominent IAM – doesn’t support any type of risk analysis or real-time MFA prevention, beyond merely checking if usernames and credentials match. These together mean that IAM by themselves cannot act as the protection layer against identity threats. Learn how Silverfort solves this problem.
IAM, or Identity and Access Management, is a framework that helps organizations manage the identities of users and the access they have to resources within the organization. The four main components of IAM are:
All these components work together to provide a comprehensive and secure solution for managing identities and access to resources within an organization. It helps organizations to keep their data and resources secure, meet regulatory compliance requirements and ultimately protect the organization from potential risks.
Examples of common IAM roles include:
It’s important to note that roles should be tailored to the specific needs of the organization, and that access to resources should be granted on a least privilege basis.
IAM is considered a critical component of cybersecurity because it helps organizations to protect their resources and data by controlling who has access to them and what actions they can perform. By managing identities and access to resources, IAM helps to prevent unauthorized access, data breaches, and other cyber threats. It also helps organizations to meet regulatory compliance requirements and protect against potential risks.
IAM solutions often include features such as authentication, authorization, access control, and auditing, which are all important for protecting against cyber threats. In addition, IAM solutions can be integrated with other cybersecurity solutions such as firewalls, intrusion detection and prevention systems, and threat intelligence platforms to provide a more comprehensive security solution.
In summary, IAM is a key component of cybersecurity, as it helps organizations to protect their resources and data by managing identities and access to resources, and it also helps organizations to meet regulatory compliance requirements and protect against potential risks.